What are the Long Term Effects of Crack Use?
Crack refers to crack cocaine, which is freebase cocaine. Smoking crack can have a variety of short term effects, and it mostly makes the user feel euphoric and energetic. The long term effects of crack, however, can be very serious. The seriousness of the long term effects are directly related to how much crack a person uses and how often, as well as their own individual body chemistry and any pre-existing conditions. Here’s a look at some of the risks.
Long Term Effects of Crack on the Body
Smoking crack can have a lot of long term effects on a user’s body, and most of them are related to the smoking aspect itself. Long term effects of crack smoking include things like cancer of the lungs, throat, or mouth, and respiratory diseases related to inhaling smoke. Smoking a crack pipe can also cause burns and blisters on a person’s mouth, lips, or fingers, which could lead to permanent scarring or marks.
Smoking crack can also cause permanent lung damage. Crack restricts the flow of oxygen to the lungs, and this can cause scarring in the lungs, trouble breathing, chronic cough, and pain.
Long term effects of crack could also be caused by other substances that are mixed with the cocaine. Crack is rarely smoked in its pure form, and any type of substance could have been added. The toxicity of the various chemicals that could be found in crack can also result in a variety of long term effects that depend on the type of substance.
Crack can increase a person’s heart rate and blood pressure, and this can lead to long term cardiovascular complications, such as heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. People who are high have a tendency to scratch and pick their skin, which can cause permanent scars.
Long Term Effects of Crack on the Mind
Crack affects the dopamine system in a person’s brain, and dopamine is related to a person’s mood. In the long term, crack could cause permanent damage to the brain that could result in depression, anxiety, paranoia, and psychosis. When a person is withdrawing from crack cocaine, they can become depression, psychotic, violent, or desperate to get more crack, and those effects worsen over time and with more frequent use. Long term effects can also include hallucination and other psychotic conditions.
Other Long Term Effects of Crack
Crack is a powerfully addictive substance, and the most significant long term effects are often related to addiction. If a person develops an addiction to crack, they may engage in risky behaviors while high or in order to get more of the drug, such as unprotected sex or violent behavior. Risky behavior can cause accidents, injuries, or the contraction of diseases with potentially long term or permanent effects.
A crack addiction can also cause damage to a person in many areas of life. Problems with relationships, school, work, money, and the law could become serious, lifelong issues. Babies who are born to mothers who smoked crack while pregnant may also have significant developmental and cognitive deficiencies in their lives.